Excessive pigmentation or hyper-pigmentation occurs due to excessive accumulation of melanin pigment produced from melanocytes that is responsible for providing color to the skin.Common examples of hyper-pigmentation are freckles, age spots etc. It occurs due to excessive sun exposure or UV rays, side effect of certain drugs or trauma to the skin, growth of antigens or foreign organisms on the skin or vascular changes. Although hyper-pigmentation is not a serious problem, still many seek medication for cosmetic reasons.
Very less or minimal production of melanin leads to hypo-pigmentation. The primary cause of this problem is internal factors like endothelial cells, hormones or biological conditions such as pregnancy and external factors such as UV rays, burning, or contact with certain other chemicals like drugs. Dietary imbalances and stress also leads to hypo-pigmentation.
Generally home remedies would be sufficient to cure the problem. However, few pigmentation cases which are darker in nature might require medication to cure the pigmentation problem.
Natural/Home Remedies for Pigmentation treatment:
It’s always advisable to consult doctor for the home remedies before trying it especially when it is due to pregnancy as it should not affect the baby. Home remedies suggested for pigmentation problem by doctors are-
- Aloe Vera
- Lemon and Potato Juice
- Lemon, Honey, Milk and Orange Peel
- Fuller’s Earth, Papaya and Vitamin E
- Sandalwood Powder
- Honey and Almond
- Cucumber and Mint
- The Right Dieti.e green leafy vegetables, fruits, milk, egg and pulses etc.
- Licorice Extract
- Red Onion
- Guava and Banana
- Rose Water
- Coconut Milk
- Regular Warm Water Bath
- Pomegranate Fruit in Diet
Artificial pigmentation treatment prescribed by doctors:
Sometimes home remedies just don’t work. In such cases, one should always consult doctor to understand the root cause of the problem and the medications required to cure it. Amongst many, few treatment recommended by doctors are:
Hydroquinone is a chemical that brightens or lightens the skin and is widely used in skin whitening creams. These creams are often recommended by a doctor that blocks the production of melanin and brightens the skin. There are other creams also that contain mild acids or mild steroids that erode the darker skin and leave lighter skin in its place. Sometimes these creams can lead to irritation, allergy or infection and can cause redness; hence, it is always advisable to take a doctor’s opinion as skin is a very sensitive part of the body.
Laser and IPL Treatments:
This treatment is recommended in extreme cases where no other method works out, and is generally kept as last option as it’s always better to go via natural treatment or mild treatment initially.The IPL treatment utilizes a thin ray of light over dark patches of skin, leading the patches to separate from the skinso that a new layer of normal skin can grow there.
Depigmentation Peels or Masks
This method can cause peeling of the skin but the effects are generally clear and more effective and the treatment is tolerated well by maximum individuals.