What is oily skin?
Over-active sebaceous glands produce a substance called sebum which is a natural skin lubricant. But when the skin produces excessive sebum, it becomes thick and heavy and is coined as an oily skin. An oily skin usually consists of blemishes, has a shine and even has pimples. Oily skin is generally dull-coloured. It is also susceptible to blackheads. Hormonal imbalances are a primary cause of oily skin in teenagers but can be found in people of any ages. Usually skin gets dry with aging because of low sebum rates at an old age. Pregnancy and menopause also upset oil secretion in the skin and there is increased activity of sebaceous glands at this point in time.
There are various causes of oily skin which mostly lead to heredity and lifestyle. Some of the predominant causes are explored below.
- Heredity and genetics: Genetics play a big role in the presence of oily skin in an individual. If the criterion runs in the family, then it may happen that most or every member of the family has large sebaceous glands. Genetically oily skin has a tendency to have breakouts and clogged pores.
- Seasonal adjustments: Summer has high temperatures and humidity which accelerate the production of oil in the skin. It also happens that such a skin becomes dry in winter and gets dehydrated and to compensate this, there is excessive production of oil in summer.
- Incorrect use or over use of skin products: Incorrect use of over-the-counter cosmetic products without complete knowledge can damage the skin greatly. An individual might use a light moisturiser or an oil cleanser for a skin, which may cause the skin to become even dehydrated and excessive oil secretion than that which is required. Individuals might even over-cleanse, over-exfoliate and scrub with too much pressure, causing breakdown of skin.
- Medications: Prescriptive medications such as hormonal tablets can stimulate oil production in the skin. Any other medication taken especially antibiotics is synonymous to the cause of dehydrated skin.
- Stress Responses: Stress causes the body to produce increased androgen hormones, which can lead to excessive oil production.
Chemical peels are great way to refresh any type of skin. Chemical peels reboot your skin system for enhanced performance. There are many types of peels available for various skin types. Peels can give requisite results in just a few days.
Jessner’s Peel is usually recommended for oily skin. It is based on alcohol and is stronger than glycolic or even salicylic acid peels. Jessner’s peel consists of a combination of resorcinol and lactic acid.