Aging, acne, and too much exposure to the sun lead to wrinkles, lines, scars, and blotches. It may also occur due to birth control pills, pregnancy, and genetic factors. These problems can be improved by skin resurfacing. Laser skin resurfacing is also known as laser vaporization or laser peel orlasa-brasion. This method uses short and concentrated pulsating beams of light at uneven surfaces of skin, removing skin layer by layer precisely. It helps the skin look healthier, firm and younger. New skin cells developed during healing give the skin a tighter, younger looking surface. It also rejuvenates the skin.
Laser skin resurfacing can be done alone or in combination with other cosmetic surgeries on the face. Production of collagen increases considerably as the damaged surface layer of skin is peeled off. Newer laser technologies have helped surgeons to have a good hold on laser surfacing with utmost precision, especially in delicate areas. Treatments are effective, convenient, and safe. In comparison to other treatment options, cost is very less.
Laser skin resurfacing is useful in correcting minor facial flaws, such as:
- Liver spots
- Birthmarks such as linear epidermal nevi
- Enlarged oil glands on the nose
- Aged or sun-damaged skin
- Non-responsive skin after a facelift
- Scars from acne or chickenpox
- Improves complexion if the person has grayish or yellowish skin tones.
- Wrinkles orfine lines around or under forehead, eyes or mouth.
- Varicose veins
- Seborrheic keratoses (flat only)
- Tattoos (removal)
- Redness and flushing
Laser resurfacing can be of the following types:
- Ablative laser resurfacing – This method possesses some downtime for recovery and removes thin layers of skin. It is recommended for diminishing aging and deeper wrinkles caused by prolonged, unprotected sun exposure.
- Non-ablative laser resurfacing – Non-ablative is also known as non-wounding laser resurfacing where collagen growth is stimulated along with skin tightening. There is no downtime and is recommended in cases of early signs of aging.
- Fractional laser skin resurfacing– Recovery time is very short and offers deeper laser skin resurfacing. It is recommended in cases where signs of aging are found like skin discoloration, age spots, and wrinkles.
- Intense pulsed light (IPL) – This method has no downtime with an improvement in skin texture and color along with reduction in pore size. Light used penetrates deeper into the skin in comparison to a non-ablative laser. It does not injure surface of the skin.
- Photodynamic therapy (PDT) – This resurfacing therapy is a two-step process where skin is applied with a solution that increases the sensitivity of the skin and is left on for 30 minutes or longer in the first step. In the second step, laser light or light from other source is applied on the treated area. It decreases redness, freckles and reduces age spots leading to improvement in the texture and appearance of the skin.